Gender Differences in Nightmare Characteristics Following Trauma

Protić, Sonja and Gorzka, Robert-Jacek and Höllmer, Helge and Schredl, Michael and Wittmann, Lutz (2023) Gender Differences in Nightmare Characteristics Following Trauma. Psihologija. ISSN 1451-9283

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Gender is one of the well-recognized risk factors for idiopathic nightmares, but rarely connected to posttraumatic nightmare characteristics. Thus, this study aims to test gender differences in (posttraumatic) nightmare characteristics after controlling for trauma-related psychopathology in a large sample of people who experienced trauma. Research participants were 707 soldiers (mean age 31.3 years, 19.5% women) admitted to a hospital-based treatment program for veterans who completed extensive assessments consisting of clinical interviews and self-rating measures with respect to socio-demographic characteristics and psychopathology, as well as dream-related variables. Results indicate no gender differences with respect to nightmare frequency, psychophysical and emotional involvement, reorientation, and dream recall after awakening. Differences between men and women in the amount of replicative content are fully, and in case of nightmare related impairment, explained mainly by the presence of PTSD diagnosis, nightmare frequency, and age. This study questions the significance of gender as a risk factor or predictor of specific (posttraumatic) nightmare characteristics in traumatized and military samples. Further research needs to test if our findings are restricted to military contexts or can be generalized to civilian samples.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an early electronic version of the manuscript that has been accepted for publication in Psihologija journal but has not yet been technically prepared for publication. Please note that this is not the final version of the paper as it has yet to be technically prepared for publication and minor changes to the text are possible before the final print. The final version of the article can be subjected to minor changes after proof reading and before final print.
Uncontrolled Keywords: PTSD, nightmares, military, gender, replicativeness
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Depositing User: iksi iksi
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2022 11:26
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2022 11:26

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